History of the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft
- At the general assembly 1971: former Fraunhofer president von Siemens, Senate chairman Berg, federal research minister Leussink (from left to right)
Three new research establishments are set up: the Institute for Solid-State Mechanics IFKM, later to become the Fraunhofer Institute for Mechanics of Materials IWM, is founded in Freiburg as an offshoot of the Ernst-Mach- Institut for High-Speed Dynamics EMI; the Institute for Silicate Research ISC in Würzburg is taken over from the Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, and the Documentation Center for Water DZW is opened in Düsseldorf.
- The Institute for Manufacturing Engineering and Automation IPA.
The government commission to promote the expansion of the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft presents its recommendations. The report included a list of possible future Fraunhofer Institutes plus recommended conceptional and organizational changes. Proposed measures included a scheme to coordinate preliminary research activities, contract research and research projects, to balance regional distribution of the institutes, to create focal activities based on their geographical proximity, and to introduce results-oriented remuneration.
A joint committee consisting of representatives of the federal research ministry and the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft is inaugurated, entrusted with the task of drawing up detailed plans for the expansion of the organization.
- At the 1969 general assembly.
The Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft is included in the government basic funding scheme.
After twenty years, more than 1,200 people are employed by the 19 Fraunhofer institutes and the central administration. The total budget of the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft is now 33 million marks.
- Otto Mohr, President of the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft.
Research minister Gerhard Stoltenberg sets up a commission to promote the expansion of the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft.
The Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft comes under heavy criticism for its part in defence research. In some cases, the police have to be called to fend off the threat of student occupation of institutes.
This coincides with the Petras incident: an employee of the Grafschaft Institute for Aerobiology, Ehrenfried Petras, defects to the German Democratic Republic, where he publicly claims that the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft is participating in preparations for ABC warfare.
In October 1968, Otto Mohr takes over as acting president of the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft.
The Institute for Oscillation Research IsF is set up in Karlsruhe. It later becomes the Fraunhofer Institute for Information and Data Processing IITB.
- The Fraunhofer memorial award being given to professor Schott (left) by institute director Kollmann.