Industry is facing major challenges: Customers are demanding new, individual, high-quality and nevertheless inexpensive products within shorter and shorter periods of time. At the same time goods have to be manufactured from increasingly scarce resources, as sustainably as possible. In order to meet these requirements, research and business are turning to the digitalization of manufacturing, in which the real and virtual worlds converge in an Internet of things, services and data.
Here machines, workpieces, means of transport and goods are equipped with embedded systems, i.e. tiny computers, sensors and actuators and are connected with one another. This paves the way for the next jump in manufacturing, Industry 4.0.