Security and Protection – Restoration and Protection of Cultural Property

Fraunhofer scientists use innovative methods to help preserve cultural heritage and monuments. They demonstrate energy-efficient ways to refurbish listed buildings and develop technologies for digitizing art objects or for rescuing them from deterioration.

Sicherheit und Vorsorge

Projects

A facelift for old buildings – Energy-efficient renovations and conservation of historic monuments

At the Fraunhofer Center for Conservation and Energy Performance of Historic Buildings Benediktbeuern Building physicists and monument conservators are developing solutions for improved preservation and energy-oriented refurbishment of historic buildings.

 

Pilot project: Saving our cultural heritage with Fraunhofer innovations

Saving our cultural heritage with Fraunhofer innovations – a pilot project with the Staatlichen Kunstsammlungen Dresden (Dresden State Art Collections) and the Sächsischen Landesbibliothek, Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek Dresden (Saxon State and University Library Dresden) and further Saxon institutions.

Cultural Heritage Digitization – CultLab3D

Digitization street CultLab3D of Fraunhofer IGD
© Photo Fraunhofer IGD

Digitization street CultLab3D of Fraunhofer IGD

In the museum sector, demand for a fast and economic 3D digitization technology for cultural heritage artifacts becomes increasingly important. Yet in contrast with the digital acquisition of cultural goods in 2D efficiently put into practice and widely-used today, 3D digitization is still connected with an enormous expenditure of time and money. Against this background, the modular scanning pipeline CultLab3D, which digitizes three-dimensional artifacts in 3D with millimeter accuracy in an automated process, is developed by the Competence Center Cultural Heritage Digitization at the Fraunhofer Institute for Computer Graphics Research IGD.

ArtGuardian® - High-Tech Protects Art Fraunhofer Technology for Preventive Conservation Will Soon Be Introduced to the Market

Artguardian: Wächter für Kunstwerke
© Photo Fraunhofer ISST

With -Artguardian- Fraunhofer researchers have developed a fully automated, intelligent monitoring system helping art lovers to optimally preserve their objects of art.

A visit to the museum is like a trip to another world. The exhibits can take us on excursions into past times – starting from million year old skeletons of extinct animals and plants, to relicts of lost civilizations up to artworks of artists from various epochs – or they transfer us into futurist worlds. Unfortunately, exhibitions always pose a risk to the pieces presented. Especially the transport, but also storage as well as the display itself, can affect the substance – if the conditions are not optimum. ArtGuardian®, a high-tech system of the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft for the protection of artworks and cultural assets, helps to solve this problem. It enables a continuous, tamper-proof monitoring of the microclimatic conditions to which the piece of art is exposed to – during the time of exhibition, transport and storage – no matter where in the world it is located.

 

The »Pompeii Sustainable Preservation Project«

Pompeii and the Mount Vesuvius
© Photo Fraunhofer IBP / Ralf Kilian

For over 250 years, Pompeii has been a magnet for people from all over the world who are fascinated by our classical heritage. Every year some three million tourists flock to the ancient world’s largest continuous urban ruins. Restoration has been taking place ever since excavations began on the ancient city. Now leading European research institutions have undertaken a fundraising initiative called the Pompeii Sustainable Preservation Project, whose goal is to secure the site’s long-term future and apply the knowledge gained along the way to the preservation of other ancient sites worldwide.

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Brilliance Restored through Plasma Technology

© Photo Fraunhofer IST

Plasma technology can be used to prevent corrosion, particularly of paper documents and historic silver and iron objects. With a special process, transparent layers of water-resistant plastics, called parylenes, can be applied as a coat and then removed again to offer sustainable protection from damage. When applied under low pressure, the plasma treatment can also be used as a gentle cleaning solution.

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Terahertz Spectroscopy– Getting Under the Surface with Terahertz Scanners

Terahertz radiation can penetrate deeper substrates without causing damage, making it safe for researchers to use as a method of technical examination on paintings or murals that have been painted over. Researchers at Fraunhofer IWS want to use terahertz radiation as a nondestructive way to make paintings visible.

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Graffitage – Anti-Graffiti Coating for the Preservation of Historic Buildings and Monuments in Europe

Until now, the only way to remove graffiti from the walls of buildings has been to etch it away – a destructive option for historic monuments. A polymer coating, developed by Fraunhofer IAP, protects stone surfaces from spray paints by acting as a protective layer that seals the pores of the substrate and so prevents the paints from penetrating the material. A cleaning solution can also be used to remove the coating without causing any damage.

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Research Alliance for the Protection of Cultural Heritage

The Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft, the Leibniz Association and the Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation pool their collective expertise in the humanities, the natural sciences and cultural studies as part of the Research Alliance for the Protection of Cultural Heritage.

International Convention Center for Cultural Heritage Preservation IZKK

Situated at Bronnbach monastery, the International Convention Center for Cultural Heritage Preservation IZKK is conceived as an educational establishment.