Under the terms of the joint initiative, an IBM Q System One quantum computer is to be installed at a German location. It will be the first facility of its kind in Europe. The IBM Q System One is designed to perform multi-qubit operations to an extremely high level of quality, stability, reliability and reproducibility. These factors and the resultant large quantum volume – a measure of the power of a quantum computer – mean that the IBM Q System One is the ideal platform for state-of-the-art research into concrete quantum computing applications in science and industry.
Quantum computing promises to deliver the power required to analyze the complex systems of business and industry, to disentangle the convoluted interdependencies in molecular and chemical reactions, to master complex optimization problems and to significantly increase the performance of artificial intelligence. Such advances could open the door to new scientific discoveries and deliver enormous improvements in supply-chain management, logistics and the modeling of financial data and data for classic engineering problems.
The German federal government is to invest 650 million euros over the next two years to promote the advance of quantum technology from basic research to market-ready applications. The establishment of the Fraunhofer Center for Quantum Computing is in accordance with the objectives of the federal government’s framework program. At the same time, it will provide the IBM Q Network with a major European hub for quantum computing. The focus here will be on achieving a unique concentration of quantum skills in Germany and building a community of researchers, developers, IT professionals and industry experts in this field.
This joint initiative between the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft and IBM will bring together prominent partners from research and industry under the common roof of a new Fraunhofer competence center for quantum computing. To be known as the Fraunhofer Center for Quantum Computing, this facility will be operated and managed by the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft, which already conducts research throughout the field of quantum technology at 14 of its institutes.
“Quantum technology is set to have a major impact on Germany’s future, in both the scientific and economic sphere,” says Germany’s Federal Minister of Education and Research, Anja Karliczek. “Last year, the Federal Government therefore launched the program ‘Quantum technology: from basic principles to market applications’, which provides a clearly defined framework for action. Federal funds of 650 million euros will be invested in research and the development of quantum technology over the period until 2022. Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft’s collaboration with IBM in the field of quantum computing can make an important contribution to the realization of this program. It is vital that we now begin developing various fields of application for quantum computing, not least for small and medium-sized companies, which play a significant role in the German economy.”
“Bavaria will get a quantum computer – i.e., a computer that is very much faster than any of the current generation,” adds the Bavarian Minister of Economic Affairs, Regional Development and Energy, Hubert Aiwanger. “Researchers from the renowned Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft are going to be cooperating with IBM. This state-of-the-art computer will provide a major boost for Bavarian research and industry, placing us at the very forefront of this sector.”
“IBM has been in Germany for over 100 years and over that period has continuously invested in the country’s digital future. Having its own quantum computer system will enable Germany to advance research, development and business in Europe and beyond,” says Matthias Hartmann, general manager of IBM Germany. “It will bolster the country’s position as a leading hub for technology and innovation.”
“This partnership is a pioneering initiative in the field of applied quantum computing and marks a crucial advance for German research institutions as well as companies of all sizes in our country,” explains Professor Reimund Neugebauer, president of the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft. “The installation of an IBM Q System in Europe is unprecedented and will enable the development of new strategies for quantum computing, at the new Fraunhofer center, under full data sovereignty according to European law.”
In cooperation with the IBM Q Network, the new Fraunhofer center will help harness the full potential of quantum computing. Participating companies will have access to IBM's advanced quantum systems via the IBM Cloud. Experts from industry and research require new skills and know-how in order to capitalize on quantum computing. As part of the IBM Q Network, companies will therefore receive support and training from industry-leading specialists at IBM.