Seismic reflection method

Seismic imaging provides an insight into the Earth’s subsurface

Research News /

The seismic reflection method involves sending acoustic waves thousands of meters under the Earth’s surface. The reflected signals provide scientists with information about the characteristics of the subsurface. This is how oil and gas deposits can be discovered. While these will eventually no longer be extracted as we move away from fossil fuels, accurate knowledge of rock structures is important for better understanding known reservoirs. The Earth’s subsurface could be a key place to store greenhouse gases. With improved machine learning algorithms and new high-performance computing concepts, researchers at the Fraunhofer Institute for Industrial Mathematics ITWM are now able to process seismic data in greater detail. The technology could also be useful for constructing wind farms.