Application clusters for 5G
This becomes evident if one takes a look at the three largest areas in which 5G will play a role in the future:
- Enhanced Mobile Broadband (eMBB)
- Massive Internet of Things (MIoT) beziehungsweise Massive Machine-type Communication (mMTC)
- Mission Critical IoT (Ultra-Reliable LowLatency Communications – URLLC).
In the case of enhanced mobile broadband, it depends on the throughput, meaning the volume of data that can be transmitted per unit of time. This is important with video streaming for instance. With the Massive Internet of Things, what is important is that data are transferred by millions of devices using the wireless network. In environmental protection and farming, sensors measure the water quality of rivers, for example, along with plant growth and air pollution. The main challenge is posed by having the maximum number of sensors possible communicating wirelessly with the network with the greatest energy efficient transmission technology possible.
In the case of Mission Critical Communication application scenarios – take industrial manufacturing and networked mobility for example – reliability and latency periods are decisive. With Industrie 4.0, machines, components and control software need to communicate with each other. Only then can the control software respond immediately to problems, enabling production lines to reorganize themselves in the event of failure.
The criteria of latency and reliability are decisive in the area of autonomous driving as well. Here a quick wireless network allows vehicles on the road to communicate with each other and the infrastructure. Vehicles can therefore drive one behind the other in convoys while receiving current information on the route or on traffic jams and accident reports.