History of the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft

1955

Effect economic miracle

Encouraged by the general atmosphere of economic revival, private industry increases its investment in research and development to a total of 600 million marks. The opening years of the German "economic miracle" thus improves market opportunities for the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft.  

Foundation Patent Center for German Research

The Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft's Patent Center for German Research PST in Munich takes up its activities.  

Hermann von Siemens, 3rd Fraunhofer President (11.2.1955 – 4.2.1964)
Hermann von Siemens, 3rd Fraunhofer President (11.2.1955 – 4.2.1964)

President change

Hermann von Siemens embarks on nine years of successful work as president of the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft, ably assisted by his energetic vice-president, Albert Maucher. The senate presidency takes over Emil Sörensen.

1956

New research units

The foundation of institutes forges ahead: the Fraunhofer Institute for Hygiene and Bacteriological Work Procedures IhbA is established in Munich and the Fraunhofer Institute for Xylolite Research ISF in Bonn is integrated.  

Second pillar defense research

With the support of the federal ministry of defence, set up one year earlier, the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft now also provides administrative assistance in the area of defence research. This proves to be of great benefit to the organization's further growth, providing a second major source of support alongside contract research. Spanning many years, this ministry contributes more than half of the research budget of the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft.  

Desire for basic institutional funding

For the first time, the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft formally expresses its interest in receiving basic institute funding from public sources, such as is already granted to other German research establishments. This initiative strives to cement the organization's position in the German research community and support the further expansion of its activities.

1957

New institutes

Two more institutes start work: the Institute for Electrical Materials IEW in Freiburg, later renamed the Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Solid State Physics IAF, and the Test and Research Institute for Shoe Manufacture Ish in Pirmasens.

Institute for Electrical Materials IEW in Freiburg, from 1970: IaFP, from 1978: IAF
Institute for Electrical Materials IEW in Freiburg, from 1970: IaFP, from 1978: IAF

1958

 

New research units and closure

New Fraunhofer research units are created: the Documentation Center for Radiochemistry DRc in Munich and the Technical Committee for Aerosol Studies FAe in Bad Lippspringe. The Test and Research Institute for Shoe Manufacture Ish ceases its activities.

1959

 

New research units

In this year, the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft opened the following research units: the Institute for Aerobiology IAe in Schmallenberg, the Ernst-Mach- Institut for High-Speed Dynamics in Freiburg and the Institute for Chemical Technology ICT in Pfinztal. The two last-named research units initially worked exclusively on contracts for the ministry of defence. 

Cooperation / administrative assistance with the IPA - Institute for Production Engineering and Automation, Stuttgart, from 1971 fully integrated.

 

Festveranstaltung zum zehnjährigen Bestehen der Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft am 12. Juni 1959 in der Handwerkskammer München
Celebration of the tenth anniversary of the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft on June 12, 1959 in the Munich Chamber of Crafts. Bavaria's Economics and Transport Minister Otto Schedl, Fraunhofer President Werner von Siemens, Treasurer Jürgen von Köller and Senate Vice President Emil Sörensen (first row from left to right).

Ten years of Fraunhofer

Ten years after it was founded, the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft now has nine institutes of its own.They employ a staff of 135 and generate revenues of 3.6 million marks.

1960

Documentation Center for Structural Durability DTB in Stuttgart
Documentation Center for Structural Durability DTB in Stuttgart

Foundation Documentation Center for Construction Technology in the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft

In Stuttgart, work starts at the Documentation Center for Construction Technology in the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft, later renamed the Fraunhofer Information Center for Regional Planning and Building Construction IRB.

1962

New research units

The new research units to join the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft this year include:

Laboratory for Structural Durability LBF in Darmstadt; the Institute for Interfacial Physics and Chemistry IGf, which later moves to Stuttgart and is renamed the Fraunhofer Institute for Interfacial Engineering and Biotechnology IGB; Technical Development Center Lindau TES, run by engine builder Felix Wankel; Physical and Bioclimatic Research Center PBF in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, subsequently known as the Fraunhofer Institute for Atmospheric Environmental Research IFU; Working Group for High-Pressure Plasma Physics and Pulse Discharge Physics AGD in Erkrath.

Fraunhofer LBF, Darmstadt, 1962
Fraunhofer LBF, Darmstadt, 1962
Physical and Bioclimatic Research Center PBF in Garmisch-Partenkirchen
Physical and Bioclimatic Research Center PBF in Garmisch-Partenkirchen
Technical Development Center Lindau TES
Technical Development Center Lindau TES

1963

Institute for Radiometeorology and Maritime Meteorology IRM in Hamburg, 1963
Institute for Radiometeorology and Maritime Meteorology IRM in Hamburg, 1963

Opening Institute for Radiometeorology and Maritime Meteorology IRM

The Institute for Radiometeorology and Maritime Meteorology IRM opens in Hamburg.

The historic glassworks in front of the towers of the monastery Benediktbeuern
The historic glassworks in front of the towers of the monastery Benediktbeuern

Inauguration Glashütte Benediktbeuern

The Fraunhofer Museum in Benediktbeuern Monastery shows the working world of Joseph von Fraunhofer on the basis of original exhibits.

At the beginning of the 19th century, the workplace of the physicist and entrepreneur Fraunhofer was located in Benediktbeuern Abbey. Two remaining port smelting furnaces can be visited.

1964

The Technical Committee for Aerosol Studies FAe is dissolved.  

Franz Kollmann, Fraunhofer President 4.12.1964  – 30.9.1968
Franz Kollmann, Fraunhofer President 4.12.1964 – 30.9.1968

President change

In December, Hermann von Siemens relinquishes the still honorary post of president to Franz Kollmann, who is professor of wood research at the Technical University of Munich. 



Ernst Gaßner, the head of the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft's Laboratory for Structural Durability (LBF), which has been part of the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft since 1962, will speak at the General Assembly in 1964 about the scientific work of his institute.
Ernst Gaßner, the head of the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft's Laboratory for Structural Durability (LBF), which has been part of the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft since 1962, will speak at the General Assembly in 1964 about the scientific work of his institute

Fifteen years Fraunhofer

In the fifteenth year of its existence, the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft consists of nine institutes and a central administration. A permanent staff of 700 now generates revenue totalling 16 million marks.

1965

Integration in the German research landscape

The influential German Science Council recommends general expansion of non-academic research establishments and of the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft in particular, which is to act as the umbrella organisation for applied research. Government decision-makers make this dependent on structural reforms and the creation of a substantial development programme for the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft.  

General Assembly 1965 - Visit of the measuring station on the Wank of the Physico-Bioclimatic Research Center Garmisch-Partenkirchen
General Assembly 1965 - Visit of the measuring station on the Wank of the Physico-Bioclimatic Research Center Garmisch-Partenkirchen
General Assembly 1965 - Interview Bavarian Television - Prof. Kollmann, Prof. Rawer (from left to right).
General Assembly 1965 - Interview Bavarian Television - Prof. Kollmann, Prof. Rawer (from left to right).
August Epp is appointed Fraunhofer Secretary General in 1965
August Epp is appointed Fraunhofer Secretary General in 1965

Secretary General of the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft

August Epp, who previously served as Managing Director of the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft, is appointed Secretary General in 1965.

Research Group for Hydroacoustics FgHA in Ottobrunn (from 1975: IHAK, from 1985: FHAK).
Research Group for Hydroacoustics FgHA in Ottobrunn (from 1975: IHAK, from 1985: FHAK).

The Research Group for Hydroacoustics FgHA in Ottobrunn starts work.