In Dortmund, the Fraunhofer Institute for Transport Technology and Goods Distribution ITW is opened, later known as the Fraunhofer Institute for Material Flow and Logistics IML. The Fraunhofer Institute for Industrial Engineering IAO is devolved from the Fraunhofer Institute for Manufacturing Engineering and Automation IPA in Stuttgart.
30 years after its foundation, the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft comprises 27 institutes. Their 2,200 employees generate a research volume of close to 187 million marks.
Heinz Keller, formerly member of the board of the Metallgesellschaft corporation, takes over the post of president, while Eberhard Schlephorst is nominated the first full-time Executive Board member for legal and personnel affairs.
The optimistic mood at the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft is reinforced by a reshuffle of the Senate: its new members come from a wide variety of backgrounds, such as the social scientist W. Goldberg, journalist Marion Dönhoff and trade union leader Franz Steinkühler.
New establishments in this year include: the Institute for Solid State Technology IFT in Munich and the Institute for Technological Trend Analysis INT in Euskirchen.On its 25th anniversary, the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft can look back at an impressive record. With a staff of nearly 1,700 working in 27 institutes, the association. s total revenue now for the first time exceeds 100 million marks.
The offices of the Executive Board and central administration, until now spread across nine buildings in the Nymphenburg district of Munich, move under a single roof, at Leonrodstrasse 54. The increased powers and staffing of the central organization, required under the new policy, lead to conflicts with the institutes, who fear for their autonomy; these conflicts are only gradually laid to rest over the following years.
A cabinet decision approves in principle the structures of the . Fraunhofer model. , enabling the introduction of largely results-dependent basic funding and a supplementary support fund administered independently by the organization. s executive board. This serves to confirm, among other things, that government decision-makers firmly intend to transform the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft into the leading umbrella organization for applied research institutes. At the same time, the association gains the flexibility to respond as required to changing overall conditions in the scientific community and in the market for contract research. Over the next few years, the new settlement leads to permanent and sustained growth of the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft.
In a departmental agreement between the ministries of research and defence, together with the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft, it is agreed to open up the military-oriented institutes for civil research.
The Institute for Food Technology and Packaging ILV in Munich joins the association. It is later renamed the Institute for Process Engineering and Packaging IVV.
The joint planning committee for research and expansion presented its first draft report, which generated intense debates within the organization. Among other things, it proposed the idea of the so-called "Fraunhofer model", whereby state funding was to increase in proportion with the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft. s success in acquiring contract research work. This meant that research and development work had to be oriented strictly in accordance with the market.
From now on, the pay scale for permanent staff was brought fully in line with the German official pay scale for civil servants and white-collar workers (Bundesangestelltentarifvertrag, BAT). This reduced the organization's competitiveness against industry in seeking qualified staff on the market.
In February, the general works council of the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft held its founding session. Rudolf Zapp was elected its first chairman.
The nuclear safety programme introduced by the federal ministry of research in 1971 led to the first cross-institute cooperation in the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft.
The year brought about considerable changes in existing Fraunhofer institutes: new establishments included the Institute for Non-Destructive Testing IZFP in Saarbrücken, the Institute for Systems and Innovation Research ISI in Karlsruhe, the Wilhelm-Klauditz-Institut for Wood Research WKI in Brunswick, and the Institute for High-Voltage Electron Microscopy IHEM in Karlsruhe. The latter, however, together with the Technical Development Center Lindau TES, left the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft in the same year.