Roadmap “Circular bioeconomy for Germany”

Fraunhofer researchers present a bioeconomy roadmap for resources conservation, climate protection, and food security

Cover Roadmap Circular Bioeconomy for Germany

Climate change, over-consumption of resources, international dependency on the supply of raw materials and an increasing  global population are major challenges for politics, industry and society. To address these ongoing crises, raw materials must undergo a similar transition to those in energy and agriculture. In addition, resilient systems must be established to ensure the security of supply in Germany. A key factor in this process is the circular bioeconomy, which is based on the circular economy and the use of renewable raw materials instead of non-renewables. Researchers at the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft are highlighting the scientific and technological potential of the bioeconomy in their roadmap “Circular bioeconomy for Germany”. The roadmap includes recommended actions to be taken at a political level to help accelerate the market ramp-up of bio-based products and technologies, and to address social and ecological challenges.

The circular bioeconomy fosters the raw materials, agricultural and energy transitions

Biomass is a raw material and carbon source for the bioeconomy, which, by definition, produces and uses biological resources: agricultural crops form the basis of our food, and wood is an important material, providing cellulose for use in paper production. Through the use of bio-based polymers or the production of biogas and biodiesel, biomass is also an alternative to non-renewable resources in the chemical and energy industries.

An interdisciplinary team of Fraunhofer researchers, coordinated by the Fraunhofer Strategic Research Field Bioeconomy, has analyzed the state of the art, opportunities and challenges in various fields of bioeconomy applications. They used these findings to derive recommendations for political actions.

The roadmap demonstrates that with a circular bioeconomy, our lives and economies can be sustainable, saving resources and protecting the climate. In a circular bioeconomy, biogenic raw materials are used in value creation cycles, taking into account the Food First principle: once products have been used, closed-loop cycles and recycling mean that they can be reused as much as possible or returned to the carbon cycle by biodegradation.

As well as outlining the technological possibilities and requirements, the roadmap also highlights the need for adaptations in the framework conditions: this entails removing regulatory hurdles, getting technology transfer investments off the ground, and engaging stakeholders and consumers at an early stage to promote the entry of new processes and products onto the market and advance more environmentally and climate-friendly economies.