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  • Battling infection and resistance / 2017

    Fraunhofer launches a pioneering collaboration: the German-Australian iCAIR project

    Press Release / 12.10.2017

    These days, even a “simple” infection can become a deadly threat. Bacteria keep developing new resistances to antibiotics, and presenting the international medical community with a significant problem. There is a desperate need for new medications. The biggest hurdle in developing these new medications is getting them from the laboratory and into clinical trials, bridging the gap from the discovery of new agents to their development by the pharmaceutical industry into potential medications. Now researchers from the Fraunhofer Institute for Toxicology and Experimental Medicine ITEM have teamed up with colleagues from the Hannover Medical School (MHH) and Griffith University’s Institute for Glycomics (IfG) in Gold Coast, Australia, in the iCAIR (Fraunhofer International Consortium for Anti-Infective Research) project. They have set themselves the ambitious goal of closing this gap and developing new anti-infective drugs.

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  • Recycling / 2017

    A second life for recovered wood

    Research News / 2.10.2017

    Many of the over 150-year-old posts that support the deck of the world’s longest teak bridge need to be replaced. The recovered wood will be reused to make handrails or rest benches along the footbridge.
    © Photo Fraunhofer WKI/Peter Meinlschmidt

    Most waste wood today is either used for heating or chipped to produce particle boards. The aim of the EU-funded CaReWood (Cascading Recovered Wood) project is to reuse this secondary raw material several times over – for example in house-building or to make furniture. Fraunhofer researchers have discovered that it is possible to salvage large pieces for wood and recycle them without any loss of quality. The necessary methods for detecting and removing contaminants are being investigated in this project.

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  • Parts2Clean: Inline measuring system / 2017

    Detecting impurities on 3D components

    Research News / 2.10.2017

    The fluorescence scanner – an imaging, inline measuring system – inspects components for impurities during the manufacturing process and identifies the exact point of contamination.
    © Photo Fraunhofer IPM

    Impurities adhering to the surface of components can cause problems in later stages of the production process – or even make the entire component useless. A new fluorescence scanner developed by the Fraunhofer Institute for Physical Measurement Techniques IPM allows specialists to inspect metallic parts for residues of grease, machining chips and cleaning agents – for every single item in production cycle.

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  • Double the cooling effect / 2017

    Higher processor performance with microchannel cooler

    Research News / 2.10.2017

    The integration of microchannels into the silicon interposer allows for the first time to cool a processor also from the bottom and thereby increase the computing power.
    © Photo Fraunhofer IZM

    One of the limiting factors for the computing power of processors is the operating temperature. As part of the CarriCool project under the aegis of IBM, Fraunhofer researchers have developed a new, effective cooling method: By integrating microchannels into the silicon interposer it is for the first time possible to cool high-performance processors from the underside as well. As a result, this innovation can achieve a significant increase in performance. Moreover, the scientists have integrated passive components for voltage regulators, photonic ICs and optical waveguides into the interposer.

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  • Examining historical musical instruments using computed tomography / 2017

    Looking inside the basset horn

    Research News / 2.10.2017

    The CT scan of the interior reveals the unsus- pected complexity of this seemingly simple instrument.
    © Photo Fraunhofer EZRT

    The internal structure of old musical instruments is of great interest to musicians, restorers, and instrument makers. As part of the MUSICES project, Fraunhofer researchers are using 3D computed tomography methods to examine historical musical instruments belonging to the collection held by the Germanisches Nationalmuseum (GNM). Based on this experience, they are drawing up guidelines for obtaining the best possible images and measurement results. Until now, there has been no standard for such measurements. The results of the project will be published online.

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  • Renewables / 2017

    Using elastomer films to generate electricity

    Research News / 2.10.2017

    Field testing of DEGREEN generators in a small river – the silicone membranes are mechanically excited by negative pressure within the perfused Venturi tubes under the float.
    © Photo Fraunhofer ISC

    Water is still the most important source of renewable energy in Bavaria, Germany, accounting for some 33 percent of all renewable energy produced in the region, as showed by the Bavarian Energy Map. But conventional hydroelectric plants, especially micro hydro generators, are a subject of controversy due to their low output volumes and their interference with the ecosystem. Fraunhofer researchers are working on an environmentally friendly alternative: in the future, innovative elastomer materials are set to convert the mechanical energy produced by flowing water in small rivers directly into electrical energy.

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  • How to combat radiological weapons / 2017

    Safety assistance system warns of dirty bombs

    Research News / 1.9.2017

    Lab testing at Fraunhofer FKIE to see how robust the security assistance system is: it must be able to clearly identify the carrier of a dirty bomb without sounding a false alarm.
    © Photo Fraunhofer FKIE

    The threat of terrorism in Europe has been on the rise in recent years, with experts and politicians particularly worried that terrorists might make use of dirty bombs. Fraunhofer researchers have developed a new system that will be able to detect possible carriers of radioactive substances, even in large crowds of people. This solution is one of many defensive measures being realized in the REHSTRAIN project, which is focused on security for TGV and ICE high-speed trains in France and Germany.

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  • Odorants in acrylic adhesives / 2017

    The scent of adhesives

    Research News / 1.9.2017

    The researchers in Freising rely on a variety of analysis methods, including gas chromatography, to detect the causes of unpleasant odors in acrylic adhesives.
    © Photo Fraunhofer IVV

    It is a known fact that adhesives may smell unpleasant. However, as Fraunhofer researchers have recently discovered, this doesn’t need to be the case. Through extensive research on acrylic adhesives they were able to identify the substances responsible for the offensive odors. So far, very little research has been conducted on the subject, but now manufacturers finally have the opportunity to optimize their production process.

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  • Eliminating production downtimes / 2017

    Machinery that repairs itself

    Research News / 1.9.2017

    Self-repairing dispenser for engine production developed within the EU-funded SelSus research project by project partner Manufacturing Technology.
    © Photo Fraunhofer IPA

    In the EU-funded project SelSus, Fraunhofer scientists are collaborating in a consortium with partners from research and industry to develop maintenance technology capable of forecasting machine downtimes in production before they occur. This allows plant managers to rectify faults before the machine breaks down. The system even corrects some defects automatically.

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