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  • Battling infection and resistance / 2017

    Fraunhofer launches a pioneering collaboration: the German-Australian iCAIR project

    Press Release / 12.10.2017

    These days, even a “simple” infection can become a deadly threat. Bacteria keep developing new resistances to antibiotics, and presenting the international medical community with a significant problem. There is a desperate need for new medications. The biggest hurdle in developing these new medications is getting them from the laboratory and into clinical trials, bridging the gap from the discovery of new agents to their development by the pharmaceutical industry into potential medications. Now researchers from the Fraunhofer Institute for Toxicology and Experimental Medicine ITEM have teamed up with colleagues from the Hannover Medical School (MHH) and Griffith University’s Institute for Glycomics (IfG) in Gold Coast, Australia, in the iCAIR (Fraunhofer International Consortium for Anti-Infective Research) project. They have set themselves the ambitious goal of closing this gap and developing new anti-infective drugs.

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  • Recycling / 2017

    A second life for recovered wood

    Research News / 2.10.2017

    Many of the over 150-year-old posts that support the deck of the world’s longest teak bridge need to be replaced. The recovered wood will be reused to make handrails or rest benches along the footbridge.
    © Photo Fraunhofer WKI/Peter Meinlschmidt

    Most waste wood today is either used for heating or chipped to produce particle boards. The aim of the EU-funded CaReWood (Cascading Recovered Wood) project is to reuse this secondary raw material several times over – for example in house-building or to make furniture. Fraunhofer researchers have discovered that it is possible to salvage large pieces for wood and recycle them without any loss of quality. The necessary methods for detecting and removing contaminants are being investigated in this project.

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  • Parts2Clean: Inline measuring system / 2017

    Detecting impurities on 3D components

    Research News / 2.10.2017

    The fluorescence scanner – an imaging, inline measuring system – inspects components for impurities during the manufacturing process and identifies the exact point of contamination.
    © Photo Fraunhofer IPM

    Impurities adhering to the surface of components can cause problems in later stages of the production process – or even make the entire component useless. A new fluorescence scanner developed by the Fraunhofer Institute for Physical Measurement Techniques IPM allows specialists to inspect metallic parts for residues of grease, machining chips and cleaning agents – for every single item in production cycle.

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  • Double the cooling effect / 2017

    Higher processor performance with microchannel cooler

    Research News / 2.10.2017

    The integration of microchannels into the silicon interposer allows for the first time to cool a processor also from the bottom and thereby increase the computing power.
    © Photo Fraunhofer IZM

    One of the limiting factors for the computing power of processors is the operating temperature. As part of the CarriCool project under the aegis of IBM, Fraunhofer researchers have developed a new, effective cooling method: By integrating microchannels into the silicon interposer it is for the first time possible to cool high-performance processors from the underside as well. As a result, this innovation can achieve a significant increase in performance. Moreover, the scientists have integrated passive components for voltage regulators, photonic ICs and optical waveguides into the interposer.

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  • Examining historical musical instruments using computed tomography / 2017

    Looking inside the basset horn

    Research News / 2.10.2017

    The CT scan of the interior reveals the unsus- pected complexity of this seemingly simple instrument.
    © Photo Fraunhofer EZRT

    The internal structure of old musical instruments is of great interest to musicians, restorers, and instrument makers. As part of the MUSICES project, Fraunhofer researchers are using 3D computed tomography methods to examine historical musical instruments belonging to the collection held by the Germanisches Nationalmuseum (GNM). Based on this experience, they are drawing up guidelines for obtaining the best possible images and measurement results. Until now, there has been no standard for such measurements. The results of the project will be published online.

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  • Renewables / 2017

    Using elastomer films to generate electricity

    Research News / 2.10.2017

    Field testing of DEGREEN generators in a small river – the silicone membranes are mechanically excited by negative pressure within the perfused Venturi tubes under the float.
    © Photo Fraunhofer ISC

    Water is still the most important source of renewable energy in Bavaria, Germany, accounting for some 33 percent of all renewable energy produced in the region, as showed by the Bavarian Energy Map. But conventional hydroelectric plants, especially micro hydro generators, are a subject of controversy due to their low output volumes and their interference with the ecosystem. Fraunhofer researchers are working on an environmentally friendly alternative: in the future, innovative elastomer materials are set to convert the mechanical energy produced by flowing water in small rivers directly into electrical energy.

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  • How to combat radiological weapons / 2017

    Safety assistance system warns of dirty bombs

    Research News / 1.9.2017

    Lab testing at Fraunhofer FKIE to see how robust the security assistance system is: it must be able to clearly identify the carrier of a dirty bomb without sounding a false alarm.
    © Photo Fraunhofer FKIE

    The threat of terrorism in Europe has been on the rise in recent years, with experts and politicians particularly worried that terrorists might make use of dirty bombs. Fraunhofer researchers have developed a new system that will be able to detect possible carriers of radioactive substances, even in large crowds of people. This solution is one of many defensive measures being realized in the REHSTRAIN project, which is focused on security for TGV and ICE high-speed trains in France and Germany.

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  • Odorants in acrylic adhesives / 2017

    The scent of adhesives

    Research News / 1.9.2017

    The researchers in Freising rely on a variety of analysis methods, including gas chromatography, to detect the causes of unpleasant odors in acrylic adhesives.
    © Photo Fraunhofer IVV

    It is a known fact that adhesives may smell unpleasant. However, as Fraunhofer researchers have recently discovered, this doesn’t need to be the case. Through extensive research on acrylic adhesives they were able to identify the substances responsible for the offensive odors. So far, very little research has been conducted on the subject, but now manufacturers finally have the opportunity to optimize their production process.

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  • Eliminating production downtimes / 2017

    Machinery that repairs itself

    Research News / 1.9.2017

    Self-repairing dispenser for engine production developed within the EU-funded SelSus research project by project partner Manufacturing Technology.
    © Photo Fraunhofer IPA

    In the EU-funded project SelSus, Fraunhofer scientists are collaborating in a consortium with partners from research and industry to develop maintenance technology capable of forecasting machine downtimes in production before they occur. This allows plant managers to rectify faults before the machine breaks down. The system even corrects some defects automatically.

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  • Improved drug delivery / 2017

    Spray drying: Perfect dosing thanks to drug capsules

    Research News / 1.9.2017

    Core-shell particle
    © Photo Fraunhofer IGB

    Instant coffee and powdered milk are produced by spray drying. Fraunhofer researchers have adapted this technique to the tricky question of incorporating insoluble substances in core-shell particles. The new method helps reduce the concentration of active ingredients in therapeutic medications.

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  • Measures to deal with the risks of space junk / 2017

    Tracking debris in the Earth‘s orbit with centimeter precision using efficient laser technology

    Research News / 1.9.2017

    Uncontrollable flying objects in orbit are a massive risk for modern space travel, and, due to our dependence on satellites today, it is also a risk to global economy. A research team at the Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Optics and Precision Engineering IOF in Jena, Germany, has now especially developed a fiber laser that reliably determines the position and direction of the space debris' movement to mitigate these risks.

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  • Microelectronic and Optical Systems for Biomedicine / 2017

    Signing of the foundation declaration for the new Fraunhofer Project Center in Erfurt

    Press Release / 22.8.2017

    Prof. Reimund Neugebauer, President of the Fraunhofer Society, and Wolfgang Tiefensee, Economics and Science Minister, sign the foundation declaration for the new Fraunhofer Project Center in Erfurt.
    © Photo Fraunhofer IZI

    A new project center for multidisciplinary work in the sector of microelectronic and optical systems for biomedical applications is being created in the German state of Thuringia. Three Fraunhofer Institutes, which cover the disciplines of biosciences, microelectronics, microsystems technology, optics and photonics, will be researching new biomedical applications in close collaboration with industry. In order to set up the project center, the state of Thuringia today signed a joint founding agreement with the Fraunhofer Society.

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  • Prof. (Univ. Stellenbosch) Alfred Gossner, executive board member in charge of Finance, Controlling and IT, has informed Prof. Heinz Jörg Fuhrmann, chairman of the senate, that he wishes to step down from the board on December 31, 2017. This decision was made in consultation with Prof. Reimund Neugebauer, president of the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft. Prof. Gossner has proposed a flexible transition solution that meets the needs of the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft.

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  • Refreshment beverages / 2017

    Perfect for athletes and health aficionados: the lupine protein beverage

    Research News / 1.8.2017

    A protein-rich yet refreshing smoothie for the summer: the extract of the sweet lupine can be made into a great variety of beverages.
    © Photo Fraunhofer IVV

    The beverage market in the health, sports and wellness sector is continually coming up with new products. Now, researchers at Fraunhofer have developed a protein-rich drink based on sweet lupines, which tastes sour and refreshing at the same time. And the lupine drink can be produced at any brewery.

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  • Smartphone to measure the environmental concentration of particulate matter / 2017

    Smart pump: small but powerful

    Research News / 1.8.2017

    The world’s smallest micromembrane pump measures just 25 square millimeters.
    © Photo Fraunhofer EMFT

    Particulate matter harms the heart and lungs. In the future, a smartphone with an inbuilt gas sensor could be used to warn of heavy exposure. To help the sensor respond quickly and provide accurate measurements, researchers at Fraunhofer have developed a powerful micro diaphragm pump for delivering ambient air to the sensor.

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  • The battle against dangerous space debris / 2017

    Defunct satellites: reliably determine and predict attitude motion

    Research News / 1.8.2017

    Fraunhofer FHR‘s space observation radar TIRA.
    © Photo Fraunhofer FHR

    Uncontrollable flying objects in the Earth‘s orbit are an enormous risk for active satellites and for spacecraft in general. Since April 2012, the European environmental satellite ENVISAT has also been adrift in orbit. Now, the Fraun-hofer Institute for High Frequency Physics and Radar Techniques FHR has developed pioneering methods to precisely determine the attitude rotation of malfunctioning satellites and, thus, to support de-orbiting missions in the future.

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  • Profile-based anomaly detection for SIEM systems / 2017

    Uncovering data theft – quickly!

    Research News / 1.8.2017

    Profile-based anomaly detection helps to uncover network attacks more quickly.
    © Photo Fraunhofer FKIE

    Computer experts have always struggled to find solutions for protecting businesses and authorities from network breaches. This is because there are too many vague indicators of potential attacks. With PA-SIEM, IT managers have a solution that effectively protects their systems while exposing data thieves and criminal hackers more quickly than conventional software.

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  • Self-programming paint booth / 2017

    Automated painting of individual pieces

    Research News / 1.8.2017

    Multi-physical simulation of a high-rotation atomizer with internal charging. In this example, the simulation is being used to calculate the drop trajectory on the car body of a Volvo V60.
    © Photo Fraunhofer FCC

    Reductions of 20 percent in paint use, 15 percent in energy consumption and 5 percent in production time – the SelfPaint automated painting system offers significant advantages compared to manual painting operations, which have previously been the preferred option. SelfPaint’s biggest advantage could well be that it is also suitable for painting individual pieces, known in industry as batch size 1.

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  • German researchers are in the process of establishing the Industrial Data Space, a virtual construct for secure data sharing based on standardized communication interfaces. Its key feature is data sovereignty: it allows users to monitor and maintain control of their proprietary data, by enabling them to decide who has the right to access these data and for what purpose. The research project, for which the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research has granted funding of five million euros, is now moving on to its second phase, which aims to see this architecture adopted internationally.

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  • Forming simulations / 2017

    Virtual laboratory: Fast, flexible and exact

    Research News / 4.7.2017

    During the forming process, sheet metal materials are often stressed to their limits. Computer simulations are used to test how far it is possible to go in production. However, the simulation is only ever as exact as the data on which it is based. Fraunhofer scientists have now developed a virtual test laboratory that allows them to examine different load states for metal materials and determine precise mechanical data.

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  • Surface technology / 2017

    Precision work: defect-free coatings for silicon spheres

    Research News / 4.7.2017

    The silicon sphere to be coated must be handled like a raw egg. On the right in the picture: one of the three-point mounts.
    © Photo Fraunhofer IST

    The prototype kilogram – to which all scales are calibrated to – is losing weight. International efforts are striving to redefine the base unit for measuring mass and, in future, redefine the kilogram on natural constants. For this purpose, the Avogadro experiment determines the number of atoms in almost perfect silicon spheres. Fraunhofer researchers have recently succeeded in homogeneously coating the spherical surfaces – the measurement uncertainty can be limited to a range below 10 micrograms.

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  • Blockchain-Lab / 2017

    Initial prototypes developed

    Research News / 4.7.2017

    A year ago, the Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Information Technology FIT opened the Blockchain Lab. Its customers come from all sectors of business. They want to know if there is any substance to the hype around the new technology. And what does it mean for their industry? The Fraunhofer experts shed light on these issues, identify use cases and develop prototypes.

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  • Innovative bracing for durable structures / 2017

    Protecting buildings against earthquakes

    Research News / 4.7.2017

    Fraunhofer WKI’s sensor-controlled bracing connectors can protect a building’s structural integrity in case of an earthquake.
    © Photo Fraunhofer WKI

    Across the world, severe earthquakes regularly shake entire regions. More than two billion people live in danger zones – many of them in structures not built to withstand an earthquake. Together with partners from industry, researchers at the Fraunhofer Institute for Wood Research WKI are developing building materials designed to prevent buildings from collapsing in a natural disaster.

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  • Mobile control with facial gestures

    Research News / 4.7.2017

    Test person with EarFS prototype controlling the mobile phone using facial gestures.
    © Photo Fraunhofer IGD

    Mobile devices play an increasingly important role in our lives; in some situations, though, they cannot be adequately managed and even accepting a call is a real challenge. In a study, researchers at the Fraunhofer Institute for Computer Graphics Research IGD in Rostock, Germany have evaluated which alternative control concepts are suitable to supplement the conventional use of mobile devices. EarFieldSensing (EarFS) by Denys Matthies, Bernhard Strecker and Bodo Urban, the proprietary development that recognizes facial gestures via a special ear plug, has a lot of potential and offers further development possibilities besides its use on mobile devices.

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  • Pooling competencies / 2017

    Fraunhofer creates new group for innovation research

    Research News / 3.7.2017

    Understanding the complex effects of new technologies is critical for the success of entire economies. Structural changes through technological developments must therefore be recognized and understood at an early stage in order to actively shape the long-term economic, social, political and cultural impact on society and the economy. With the new Fraunhofer Group for Innovation Research, the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft aims to strengthen its future role in research, technology and innovation policy dialogue with industry, politics and society, thus further cementing its position as a leading player in the German innovation arena.

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  • Laser World of Photonics 2017 / 2017

    Bug-proof communication with entangled photons

    Press Release / 21.6.2017

    Fraunhofer IOF‘s quantum source. Designed to be fully operational even after extreme stress.
    © Photo Fraunhofer IOF

    Due to the rapidly growing processing power of computers, conventional encryption of data is becoming increasingly insecure. One solution is coding with entangled photons. Fraunhofer researchers are developing a quantum coding source that allows the transport of entangled photons from satellites, thereby making an important step in the direction of tap-proof communication. In addition to the quantum source, researchers from various Fraunhofer institutes will be presenting other exciting optoelectronic exhibits at the LASER World of Photonics trade fair in Munich from June 26 - 29, 2017 (Hall A2, Booth 431 and Hall B3, Booth 327).

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  • Laser World of Photonics 2017 / 2017

    Climate satellite: Tracking methane with robust laser technology

    Press Release / 19.6.2017

    Das LIDAR-System für die MERLIN-Mission enthält alle Komponenten vom Pumplaser bis zur Frequenzkonversion in einem besonders kompakten und weltraumtauglichen Aufbau.
    © Photo Fraunhofer ILT, Aachen.

    Heatwaves in the Arctic, longer periods of vegetation in Europe, severe floods in West Africa – starting in 2021, scientists want to explore the emissions of the greenhouse gas methane with the German-French satellite MERLIN. This is made possible by a new robust laser system of the Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology ILT in Aachen, which achieves unprecedented measurement accuracy.

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  • Twenty years ago, the Fraunhofer Institute for Computer Graphics Research IGD in Darmstadt, Germany took the bold step to form ties with Singapore. Back then, not many research institutions were thinking about internationalization, but this courage has paid off. A small project group in collaboration with Nanyang Technological University (NTU) evolved into the Fraunhofer Project Center for Interactive Digital Media in 2010. And now this center has become the first legally independent subsidiary in Asia – “Fraunhofer Singapore.”

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  • Safety and resource protection in wind turbines / 2017

    The strength test

    Research News / 1.6.2017

    Dross in thick-walled cast iron with spheroidal graphite: casting surface after the fluorescent magnetic powder test.
    © Photo Fraunhofer LBF

    Wind turbines rise into the sky on enormous feet. To ensure these giants can reliably generate electricity for many years to come, the iron processing industry must manufacture their massive components in a stable, resource-saving and yet cost-effective way. However, material inclusions such as dross are often unavoidable while casting. Fraunhofer researchers are currently working to detect and analyze such material defects.

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